Good Fat and Bad Fat-Where is the Difference?. Fat makes you fat, sick and best we do without it. Not correct! In fact, some fats are vital for human beings. We’ll tell you what’s important.
Fat does not enjoy the best reputation. The most common property attributed to him is probably that it makes you fat. After all, obese people are often referred to behind closed doors as “fat”.
Some fats are more than just important to our body. Nutritionists describe it as essential, which means that the body needs it, but can not produce it on its own. The difference among essential and non-essential makes a little bit of chemistry:
Saturated and unsaturated fats: what does that mean?
Like everything else, fat consists of atoms; namely carbon, oxygen and hydrogen. What matters is how the carbon atoms are linked together.
There are individual connections and second connections between them. The more carbon atoms are doubly connected, the better. Because that makes them particularly responsive and comfortable for our body and versatile. Fats that have only individual compounds are called saturated fatty acids.
If they have a single, double compound, it is unsaturated fatty acid. If several carbon atoms are doubly connected, we are dealing with a polyunsaturated fatty acid. The more unsaturated, the healthier.
Why the body needs fats
Fats, or lipids, as the scientific term goes, are one of the most important components of our diet alongside carbohydrates and proteins. Without them, our organism would not work. Their tasks are sometimes highly specialised and differ depending on the type of fat.
1. SATURATED FATTY ACIDS
Above all, saturated fats are a very efficient source of energy. They are also suspected of raising cholesterol levels and causing cardiovascular disease. Therefore, you should consume them only in moderation. But even saturated fatty acids have their job.
For example, they hold organs in place and surround them with a stable protective layer. Saturated fatty acids are observed mainly in animal products like milk, meat and sausage.
2. SIMPLY UNSATURATED FATTY ACIDS
Monounsaturated fatty acids carry out numerous regulatory tasks in our body. They are responsible for maintaining healthy blood pressure, lowering blood sugar levels and optimising cholesterol levels. Highly unsaturated fat contains rapeseed and olive oil, avocados and nuts.
3. MULTIPLE UNSATURATED FATTY ACIDS
Here we come to the fatty acids that physicians call “essential”. Because our body needs it, but can not produce it yourself. The only source is our food. The most well-known representatives of polyunsaturated fatty acids probably include omega-3 and omega-6.
They are especially crucial for the formation of cells and nerves, especially in the brain. Besides, they regulate blood clotting, are needed to process various vitamins and even have an anti-inflammatory effect. Flax, soy and walnut oil, as well as marine fish such as salmon or tuna, are rich in polyunsaturated fatty acids.
A little bit of fat is part of every balanced diet. Best in the form of polyunsaturated fatty acids. The German Nutrition Society recommends that about 30 percent of your daily energy should come from fat, of which a maximum of 20 grams of saturated fat.